What Causes Lyme Disease?

Posted on Dec 29, 2014 in Health

Lyme disease in an infectious medical condition mainly associated with deer ticks. The symptoms of this disease are pretty obvious and usually involve an inflammation around the area where the infection entered the body. If you want to know what causes Lyme disease you should first familiarize yourself with the history of the disease. The disease is named after two towns in Connecticut, Lyme and Old Lyme. In 1975 there were a number of cases identified in these two towns and so the disease was associated with them. However despite the number of people affected by this disease it took a lot of years for the medical world to discover what actually caused it. In 1981 Willy Burgdorfer identified the main bacteria that caused Lyme disease which eventually got to bear the name of its discoverer.


There are three species of bacteria that can cause this condition. In North America the disease is usually caused by Borrelia Burgdorferi Sensu Stricto while in Europe the most common causes are the Borrelia Afzelii and the Borrelia Garinii bacteria. Tick bites are known to be quite dangerous and are often associated with infectious diseases and Lyme disease is the most common disease transmitted by them. If you are still wondering what causes Lyme disease the answer is quite simple. A person is exposed to the disease as soon as the tick bites the skin. However in order for the infection to actually infiltrate the body a tick should be attached to the skin for about 36 house. The sooner the tick is removed the more chances you have of avoiding the disease. However if you find yourself presenting flu like symptoms such as fever, headaches or fatigues you should visit the doctor as soon as possible. If left untreated the disease can become chronicle and actually be a danger to your life.

If you are interested in what causes Lyme disease then you probably also want to learn how to prevent it. The most common transmitters for this disease are deer ticks and western black-legged ticks. Usually in order to prevent contact with these ticks one should wear clothing that covers the skin when spending a lot of time in nature. Furthermore it is advised to avoid keeping pets inside the house as they can carry the ticks. Although an infected pet can’t actually transmit the disease to a human, the tick can fall of the pet and attach itself to human skin. Nowadays there are vaccines for both humans and dogs.